NEET-PG MCQ BOOKLET

ANATOMY (PART 1)

 

1) Collagen is found in all EXCEPT ?

  1. a) Tendon b) Ligament c) Fibroblast d) Aponeurosis

 

2) Stylomastoid foramen transmits ?

  1. a) Mandibular nerve b) Facial nerve
  2. c) Glossopharyngeal nerve d) Hypoglossal nerve

 

3) The liver receives ___% of its blood supply & ___% of its oxygen supply from the portal vein ?

  1. a) 60% & 30% b) 70% & 40%
  2. c) 50% & 50% d) 40% & 60%

 

4) Membranous ossification is seen in all except ?

  1. a) frontal bone b) Parietal bone
  2. c) Mastoid antrum d) Occipetal bone

 

5) Example of traction epiphysis is ?

  1. a) Condyles of tibia b) Trochanter of femur c) Coracoid process of scapula   d) Os trigonum

 

6) Nerve of grassi is related to ?

  1. a) Facial N. b) Glossopharyngeal N.         c) vagus N.           d) Hypoglossal N.

 

7) Markel’s cell is derived from ?

  1. a) Neural crest b) Neural tube c) Mesoderm             d) ectoderm

 

8) Gartner’s cyst arises from ?

  1. a) Remnants of mesonephric duct b) Remnants of paramesonephric duct
  2. c) Cervix d) Vagina

 

9) Root value of the inferior gluteal nerve is

  1. a) L4,L5,S1 b) L5,S1,S2
  2. c) S1,S2,S3 d) S2,S3,S4

 

10) Skull consist of …… bones ?

  1. a) 20 b) 22               c) 24          d) 26

 

11) Which is the largest carpal bone ?

  1. a) Trapezoid b) Scaphoid c) Capitate        d) Lunate

 

12) Which of the following is also known as labourer nerve ?

  1. a) Ulnar N. b) Median N.
  2. c) Radial N. d) Anterior cutaneous nerve

 

13) Appendix of testis is derived from ?

  1. a) Mesonephric duct b) Paramesonephric duct
  2. c) Wolffian duct d) Cloaca

 

14)  Ameloblast develop from ?

  1. a) Neuroectoderm     b) Surface ectoderm
  2. c) Mesoderm d) Endoderm

 

15) Maxillary sinus epithelium is made up of ?

  1. a) Pseudostratified columner b) simple columnar
  2. c) Ciliated columnar d) Statified scqamous non-keratinized

 

16) Inferior angle of scapula lies at the level of which rib ?

  1. a) 6th b) 7th c) 8th                 d) 9th

 

17) Uncinate process is a part of which bone ?

  1. a) Frontal b) Nasal c) Ethmoid            d) Maxilla

 

18) Inferior thyroid artery is a branch of ?

  1. a) Internal carotid artery b) External carotid artery
  2. c) Thyrocervical trunk d) Arch of aorta

 

19) Klumpke’s paralysis involve ?

  1. a) C5C6 b) C6C7            c) C7C8           d) C8T1

 

20) ) Serratus anterior is supplied by whcih nerve ?

  1. a) Long thoracic nerve b) Axillary nerve
  2. c) Spinal accessory nerve d) Dorsal scapular nerve

 

21) Recurrent interosseous artery is a branch of which artery ?

  1. a) Anterior interosseous artery b) Posterior interosseous artery
  2. c) Common interosseous artery d) Radial recurrent artery

 

22) Patellar plexus is formed by ?

  1. a) Medial cutaneous nerve of thigh
  2. b) Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
  3. c) Posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh
  4. d) Intermediate cutaneous nerve of thigh

 

23) Levator ani muscle included all EXCEPT ?

  1. a) Puborectalis b) Ischiococcygeus
  2. c) Pubocervicalis             d) Iliococcygeus

 

24) Left ovarian artery is a branch of ?

  1. a) Abdominal aorta b) External iliac artery
  2. c) Internal iliac artery d) Inferior epigastric artery

 

25) All ofhe following are composite muscles EXCEPT ?

  1. a) Adductor magnus b) Pectineus
  2. c) Flexor digitorum superficialis d) Flexor digitorum profundus

 

26) Which bone does not contribute to medial wall of orbit ?

  1. a) Frontal b) Ethmoid c) lacrymal              d) Zygoma

 

27) Ossification centre which appers first is ?

  1. a) Upper end of femur b) Lower end of femur
  2. c) Greater trochanter d) Head

 

28) )The muscle stylopharyngeus is supplied by which nerve ?

  1. a) Vagus N b) Glossopharyngeal N. c) Spinal acessory N.   d)  Facial N.

 

29) At what level does the trachea bifurcate ?

  1. a) Upper border of T4 b) Lower border of T4
  2. c) 27.5 cm from the incisor d) Lower border of T5

 

30) posterior communicating artery is a branch of ?

(a) Internal carotid artery                   (b) External carotid artery

(c) Middle cerbral artery                    (d) Posterior cerbral artery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers with explanations:-

Ans. 1 (c)

 Collagen is found in tendon, ligament & aponeurosis.

Collagen is not found in fibroblast OR periosteum.

 

Ans. 2 (b)

Stylomastoid foramen transmits facial nerve & stylomastod artery.

 

Ans. 3 (b)

Liver receives 70% of its blood supply & 40% of its oxygen supply from portal vein.

Liver receives 30% of its blood supply & 60% of its oxygen supply from hepatic artery.

 

 

Ans. 4 (c)

Membranous ossification is not seen in mastoid antrum.

Frontal, parietal and occipital bones have membranous ossification Centre.

 

Ans. 5 (b)

Type of epiphysis:

  1. A) Pressure epiphysis :- Head of femur,

Condyles of tibia,

Lower end of radius.

 

  1. B) Traction epiphysis: – Trochanter of femur,

Tubercles of humerus,

Mastoid process

 

  1. C) Atavistis epiphysis: – Coracoid process of scapula,

Posterior tubercle of talus,

Os trigonum

 

  1. D) Aberrant epiphysis :- Head of 1st metacarpal

Base of other metacarpals

 

Ans. 6 (c)

Criminal nerve of grassi is a branch of right posterior vagus nerve.

In parietal cell vagotomy, criminal nerve of grassi is identified and divided.

 

Ans. 7 (a)

Markel’s cell is derived from neural crest.

Markel’s cells are sometimes considered as APUD cells and may have a neuroendocrine function. 

 

Ans. 8 (a)

Gartner’s cyst is a benign vaginal cystic lesion that arises from vestigial remnant of a mesonephric duct (Wolffian duct).

Gartner’s cysts are small asymptomatic cysts that occur along the lateral wall of the vagina.

 

Ans. 9 (b)

The inferior gluteal nerve is formed from the posterior divisions of the L5, S1 & S2 nerve roots of the sacral plexus.

Inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteus maximus muscle.

The superior gluteal nerve is formed from the posterior divisions of the L4, L5 & S1 nerve roots of the sacral plexus.

Superior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteus medius & gluteus minimus muscle.

 

Ans. 10 (b)

The human skull is generally consist of 22 bones

8 cranial bones & 14 facial skeleton bones.

Cranial bones are occipital bone, 2 temporal bones, 2 parietal bones, sphenoid, ethmoid and frontal bones.

Facial skeleton bones are —

 Inferior nasal concha (2)

Lacrimal bones (2)

Mandible

 Maxilla (2)

Nasal bones (2)

Palatine bones (2)

Vomer

 Zygomatic bones (2)

 

Ans. 11 (c)

Capitate is the largest of the carpal bones in human hand.

Carpal bones — Total 8 in numbers

Proximal row –      Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform,

           Distal row –        Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate.

 

Ans. 12 (b)

Median nerve is also called labourer’s nerve.

Median nerve arises by two roots, one from the lateral cord (C5,6,7) and the other from the medial cord (C8,T1 .

 

Ans. 13 (b)

*Appendix testis (or hydatid of Morgagni) is a vestigial remnant of the

Paramesonephric duct   (Mullerian duct).

 

*Appendix of testis present on the upper pole of the testis.

*Appendix of testis attached to the tunica vaginalis.

*It is present about 90% of the time.

* It has no physiolofical function.

 

 

Ans. 14 (b)

*Ameloblast develops from surface ectoderm.

*Ameloblasts are present only during tooth development.

*Ameloblasts deposit tooth enamel.

 

Ans. 15 (c)

*Mucous membrane of Para nasal sinuses

Ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells

 

Ans. 16 (d)

Inferior angle of scapula corresponds to the level of the ninth rib.

Inferior angle of scapula corresponds to T7 vertebral level.

 

Ans. 17 (c)

Uncinate process is a part of ethmoid bone.

 

Ans. 18 (c)

Inferior thyroid artery is a branch of thyrocervical trunk .

Superior thyroid artery is a branch of external carotid artery.

 

Ans. 19 (d)

Klumpke’s paralysis involves C8T1.

Erb’s paralysis involves C5C6.

 

 

Ans. 20 (a)

Serratus anterior is supplied by long thoracic nerve (C5C6C7)

 

Ans. 21 (b)

Recurrent interosseous artery is a branch of Posterior interosseous artery.

 

Ans. 22 (a)

Medial cutaneous nerve of thigh joins the branches of saphenous nerve and form the patellar plexus and sab sartorial plexus.

Lateral cutaneous femoral nerve forms peripatellar plexus.

 

Ans. 23 (c)

Levator ani muscle includes Puborectalis, Ischiococcygeus & IIiococcygeus.

 

Ans. 24 (a)

Left and Right ovarian artery is a branch of abdominal aorta.

 

Ans. 25 (c)

Composite muscles

Examples –

Adductor Magnus :  Adductor portion is innervated by the posterior division of the obturator                   

                     Nerve while the hamstring portion is innervated by the tibial nerve.

 

Biceps femoris: Its long head is supplied by the tibial part of sciatic nerve &

Whereas the short head is supplied by the common peroneal nerve.

 

Pectineus: Its anterior set of fibers are supplied by the femoral nerve &

Whereas posterior set of fibers are supplied by the obturator nerve.

 

Flexor digitorum profundus: Its radial half of is supplied by the median nerve &

Ulnar half is supplied by the ulnar nerve.

Digastric muscle: Its anterior belly is supplied by nerve to mylohyoid (a branch of trigeminal nerve).

                                                                                                                  

The posterior belly is supplied by the facial nerve.

 

 

 

Ans. 26 (d)

Medial wall of orbit is formed by frontal, ethmoid & lacrimal bone.

 

Ans. 27 (b)

Femur ossification: — Shaft > Lower end > Greater trochanter > Lesser trochanter

Ossification center for shaft appears first, but it is not in option. So, lower end of humerus is answer here.

 

Ans. 28 (b)

The muscle stylopharyngeus is supplied by glossopharyngeal nerve.

 

Ans. 29 (b)

Trachea bifurcates at the level of T4-T5. (Lower border of T4/ upper border of T5)

 

Ans. 30 (a)

Posterior communicating artery is a branch of internal carotid artery.